Posted on 28/Aug/2018
Baluchistan is one of the major provinces of Pakistan and the largest area of Pakistan is covered by it. It is said that the word ‘Baloch' has been derived from the name of ethnic group Balaschik living in Baluchistan. In Baluchistan, the tribal culture is ruling in different areas. Baluchistan is the land of barren and deserted regions with gigantic mountains which are mostly rich in natural resources. The uniqueness of Balochi culture and the lifestyle of people is the true reflection of their traditions and climate conditions of their areas. Let us have a brief look at Balochi culture and lifestyle.
Baloch Culture The Baloch culture is full of interesting traditions, colorful arts, and crafts even though Baluchistan is the area of mountains, barren lands, and deserts. Baluchistan is famous for its diverse tribes and colorful festivals. The storytelling tradition is one of the distinctive features of Baloch culture. Most storytellers are the poet who is highly respected in Baloch culture. Being the largest province of Pakistan, different cultural groups are shown by the cultural landscape of Baluchistan. There are three main families in Baluchistan, called Baloch, Brahvi, and Pashtoon who have their own languages. But they are similar in their moral orders, customs, beliefs, and literature. And the religion is the key factor to unite them which provides the base for unity and common social orders.
Life Style of Baloch People Traditionally, the Baloch are nomads, but now to have established agricultural existence is very common and a fixed residence is possessed by every chief here. There are many huts of mud and stone are scattered on the hills in every village of Baluchistan. To raise cattle, goats, sheep, and camels is the main source of living. Carpet making, and embroidery works are also a way of earing. Balochi have primitive agricultural methods. They believe in Islam as a religion. The Baloch people famous for their hospitality and they treated guests as the blessing of God. They are sincere and faithful in all their relations and there is no respect and place for unfaithful people in their society.
Languages of Balochi People As we learned that Baloch people are greatly different in their culture and that is why they have different languages. The people in urban areas can understand and speak different languages. In rural areas, people cannot understand or speak other languages than their mother language. In Baluchistan, people mostly speak Balochi, Brahui, and Pashto. In some areas of Baluchistan, the Urdu language is also spoken by them as it is a national language of Pakistan. The people use to speak Sindhi and Seraiki language in the areas of Sibbi and Kachhi. Other languages which are spoken by people of Baluchistan are Dari, Punjabi, and Persian.
Balochi Cultural Music The Balochi culture rich with folk music and traditional dances. Nazenk and Salonk are famous wedding songs of Baloch culture. The most common musical instruments are flute, locally called Nal, Soroz, and Tambora. Dochaap is a common folk dance of Balochi people. On certain occasions, women also dance in a circle clapping their hands. Other dances include Hambo, Latti and the Lewa.
The Dressing of Baloch People The Baloch people wear lovely and colorful beautiful dresses and the dressing of all tribes is nearly the same. Turban is the common headwear of the men of Baluchistan. To wear loose salwar along with knee-long shirts is very common. The Baloch females mostly wear long shirts having pockets in the front of the shirt. Their shirts normally full of embroidery work with embedded pieces of small round mirror. The women usually cover their heads with Big ‘Dopatta' or ‘Chaddar', along four-sided cloth piece falling down the shoulders.
Balochi Famous Food Baluchistan is famous for its dry fruits all over the world. Their special food item Sajji is liked and loved by many people in the world. They like to eat roasted mutton and lamb. Dum Pukht is also a famous Balochi dish which is prepared by meat and it is cooked in fats. Besides these, dry fruits, milk, goat, yogurt, fish, mutton, potatoes are the most common food ingredients in Balochi cuisine. Almost 90% of Balouchi cuisine contains meat-based dishes and vegetables are entirely absent from Balochi cuisine. Baloch people are famous for their hospitality and nobody remains hungry at a "Balochi dawat".
Now the time has come to lessen the gap that has been created between other people of Pakistan and people of Baloch. We should defend their rights at every forum and do efforts to make Baluchistan a more stable and peaceful province. We hope, you are impressed by the simple, yet the amazingly beautiful culture of the Baloch people.